He works as a lecturer in Industrial Engineering Universitas Indonesia. He formerly worked as a research scientist and graduate school student in VTT (Transport). He graduated from his doctoral study in Industrial Engineering and Management, University of Oulu. During his career, he has been participated in several research projects funded by various sources, e.g. EWENT, HeERO, MOBiNET (EU); EVELINA, BECSI (Tekes); and ITS MARKET (The Ministry of Transport and Communications Finland).